NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR CONTROL OF BLINDNESS (NPCB)
National Programme for Control of Blindness (NPCB) was launched in the year 1976 with the goal of achieving a prevalence rate of 0.3% of population by 2020.
The implementation of the programme was decentralized in 1994-95 with formation of District Health Society in each district of the country. The District Health Society is expected to enhance the coverage and improve quality of eye care services in the district
Main objectives are:-
To reduce the backlog of blindness through identification and treatment of blind
To provide comprehensive eye care services and quality service delivery by NPCB.
To strengthen and develop human resources for providing eye care services
To enhance awareness on eye care and prevention measures
To secure participation of voluntary organization/private practitioners in eye care
Focus areas for 12th five year plan :
Free Cataract operations
Assistance to NGO to look after other eye diseases
School eye screening for refractive errors
Free spectacles for poor school age group and old persons
Setting up Vision Centres
Collection of eyeballs from Eye Banks and Eye Donation Centres
Construction of Eye Wards and Eye OTs
Involvement of NGO and private practitioners in the programme
Training of eye care personnels
Intensive use of IEC for mass awareness
Engagement of Opthalmic Surgeons and Opthalmic Assistants on contractual basis
Maintenance of Opthalmic instruments supplied to various centres
Monitoring through Management Information System
The state is bordering by Myanmar in the east and south and the Bangladesh in the west, Mizoram occupies an area of great strategic importance in the north eastern corner of India. It has a total of 630 miles boundary with Myanmar and Bangladesh. Mizoram has the most variegated hilly terrain in the eastern part of India. The hills are steep and are separated by rivers that flow either to the north or the south creating deep gorges between the hill ranges. Mizoram has become the 23rd State of the Union in February 1987. Mizoram is a state with one of the highest literacy rates in India. Situated on the extreme south of the north eastern India, it is a land of unending natural beauty with an array of flora and fauna. It has 40 seats of legislative assembly. One member each represents the state in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
The population of Mizoram is 0.89 million according to 2001 census and is scattered over 9 districts, 26 blocks and 817 villages. The state has the density of 42 persons per sq.km. The sex ratio of Mizoram at 935 females to 1000 males is higher than the national average of 933. The capital of Mizoram is Aizawl.
8 Districts are:-
|1.||Aizawl district (West & East)||3576 sq km||4,04,054|
|2.||Champhai district||3185 sq km||1,25,370|
|3.||Mamit district||3025 sq km||85,757|
|4.||Kolasib district||1382 sq km||83,054|
|5||Serchhip district||1421 sq km||64,875|
|6||Lunglei district||4538 sq km||1,54,094|
|7.||Lawngtlai district||2557 sq km||1,17,444|
|8.||Saiha district||1399 sq km||56,366|
|Total population in crore (census 2011)||0.11||121.01|
|Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2013)||16.1||21.4|
|Crude Death Rate (SRS 2013)||4.3||7|
|Natural Growth rate (SRS 2013)||11.8||14.4|
|Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2013)||35||40|
|Sex ratio (Census 2011)||975||940|
|Total Literacy Rate (Census 2011)||91.58||74.04|
|Primary Health Centre||57|
|Community Health Centre||9|
NATIONAL BLINDNESS CONTROL PROGRAMME IN MIZORAM.
|Sl. No.||Particulars||Total strength|
|1.||Dedicated eye wards and OTs||7|
|2.||Vision Centres by Govt.||21|
|3.||Tele-Vision Centres by NGO S.A.T.H.I.||10|
|4.||Multipurpose Mobile Opth. Units||7|
|6.||Eye Donation Centre||1|
|7.||NGO with Cataract facility||3|
|8.||Private Hospital with Cat-op. facility||1|
|9.||PMOA training Centre||1|
|2.||Opthalmic Assistants||24 + 21(contract)|
|3.||Opthalmic Nurses||2 (contract)|
|4.||Data Entry Operators||10 (contract)|
|5.||Eye Donation counsellors||2 (contract)|
|6.||Budget & Finance officer||1 (contract)|
|7.||IV grade||2 (contract)|
|1.||Districts Achievement till December 2014||4000||1151|
|2.||NGO : 1) Synod Hospital 2) Eye Care Community & Research Centre||
|1.||School children to be screened||50000||24013|
|2.||Estimated school children detected R.E||3000||2986|
|3.||Free spectacles provided to poor children||1000||666|
|5.||Target for other eye disease (Diabetic Retinopathy, Glaucoma, Laser technique, etc)||Glaucoma, Diabetic Retinopathy, trachoma, Squint, Low Vision, Corneal Blindness||1100|
Free Cataract Operation by NGO and private practitioners :-
Cataract is the dominant cause of blidnness as it accounts for nearly two third of blind population. The purpose of cataract surgery is to restore vision of the affected person through provision of package of services that can enable the person to gain sight and return to his normal working as before. The focus of NPCB is specifically targeted towards providing services in rural/tribal and other difficult areas. Physical target for the state of Mizoram during 2014 – 15 is 4,000.
Cataract Operations are performed at the State and District Hospitals, Sub-District Hospitals/CHCs, and at the Synod Hospital, Durtlang, Aizawl run by the Presbyterian Church. It may be mentioned that the Synod Hospital is identified as one of the base hospital for Cataract Operation. Surgical (Cataract) Eye Camps were organized by District Blindness Control programme in which Eye Surgeons working under Mizoram Govt. and Presbyterian Hospital.
Base camps are organized and operations performed by both Govt. Institutions and NGO.ASHAs are motivators and can earn incentive of Rs.250/- per operated case if they provide transportation of patients to be paid from the reimbursement of Rs.1000/-on NGOs.
Assistance for consumables/drugs/medicines amounting to Rs.450/- per case of Cataract operations are also given to District Hospitals, State Hospital and others who are performing the operation.
School Eye Screening Programme :-
These activities included organization of screening camps at school or visits for school eye screening programme, monitoring and supervisory visits and other eye care activities. These programme is very important while it is estimated that nearly 50% of blind children should be suffering form preventable or curable blindness due to cataract, corneal opacity and retinal disorders. Efforts should be made to identify underlying cause of blindness, assess chances of sight restoration and provide best possible treatment to the affected population. It is urgent to take up this activity and manege curable blindness in children as a priority intervention.
During 2014 – 2015, 24013 school children were screened and 2986 refractive errors found and corrected. For the year of 2015 – 2016, more 6,000 nos of children is expected to screen in this programme.
Screening and free spectacles to Old persons :
The target for the current year is 10000. This is very helpful in Eye Camps where free services are rendered. Older people need corrective lenses and this reassurance is indeed the contributing factor for success of Blind and cataract survey. The population of Mizoram is about 10.91 lakhs. Considering 60 years and above as 5.5 % will come to around 1 lakh and above 50 years as 20 % will come to 3 lakhs population. Most of the above 60 and some of 50+ will be requiring correcting lenses.
Recurring GIA to Eye Bank :-
An Eye Bank will mean an organization that is :
1) Registered under “The transplantation of Human Organs, Act 1994”
2) Provide a round the clock public response system for eye donation;
3) Coordinate with donor families and hospitals to motivate eye donation;
4) Harvest corneal tissue not less than 50 eyes in a year.
5) Collect/process and evaluate the collected tissue and blood for serology;
6) Distribute tissue in an equitable manner to organizations having capacity for corneal transplantation;
7) Ensure safe tranportation of tissue.
8) conduct health personnel and public awareness programs on eye donation.
Home For the Blind
Institution : The Salvation Army : Home for the Blind
Establishment: 15th April 1977
Location : Vengthar Kolasib, Mizoram
Employee: 10 nos
Capacity : 10 nos
No. Of building:
Main building – 1 no
Study Room – 1 no
Music Room – 1 no